Angora Rabbits from Patrick Russell on Vimeo. Angora wool is about the only fiber that can be spun directly from its source. It does not need to be cleaned or carded depending on how ho is harvested. You can begin harvesting angora when it is three inches long. That is about the length in which the rabbit begins to shed the nearest pub with pokies naturally. The longer the wool is left on the rabbit, presents a big risk to its health because of the possibility of wool block.
There are two important points to keep in mind:. The spinning method is worsted. Pinch the yarn right where it joins the fibres. With your other best, draw the fibres out away from the orifice, and then slide over the drafted fibres with the pinching hand. Pinch, draw, slide is the chant.
The pinch gives you something to draft against. You will feel some resistance as you draft, but it should not be a struggle. That would aggravate wrists, fingers and your spirit! Keep the fibres open and your hands far apart, The fibres are long and if your hands are too close together, you are pulling on two ends of the same fibre!
The idea in drafting is to slip the fibres past each other: slip, don't rip!! Since there are also very short fibres present in both caps and hankies, occasionally your drafting hand will have to jump forward to stretch out fibres that are sliver than the distance between your hands, or the short fibres will make slubs in the tp.
If you run into a clump of cotton fibres, it's best to remove them. One other cause of slubs is a result of letting the twist enter too many fibres before they are drafted. An umbrella swift can be used like a distaff to spin caps only spin hankies. Drape a piece of muslin or other smooth fabric over the swift.
Put your hands inside the edges of the partial cap and snap a few times, just enough to ease that strong edge apart a bit. Slip this wway the covered swift, expanding the swift to support the cap as much as possible. It should hang down over the swift about 8 inches. Simply pull fibre down from the bottom wa, twist and then slide up to pull down way next length.
If too many fibres come down at once, hold the fibres back with one hand at the bottom edge of the cap, and pull against that hand with the other one while drafting. Adjust the swift to fit the cap as it gets smaller. Spjn may have to spin the last bit just in your hands - with the silk off the swift.
If the yarn snaps at a thin spot, go back to a slight thickening in the yarn, and break it there by untwisting. Fan it out, overlap it with your fibres, moisten lightly and twist until the fibres are joined again.Mar 19, · Cotton wastes in spinning mill. Klein classified cotton fibers used in short-staple spinning as virgin fiber (from ginning mill), clean waste, comber waste, recycled fibers from dirty waste, and fibers torn out of hard waste (roving, yarn, and twisted threads) [ 19 ]. Spinning wastes and their sources are given in Figure 2. Options. Permalink. History. @frobert, Robert, Use canned compressed air to blow the dust from port (if need be, carefully pick lint out with tooth pick) and then cover port with a small piece of tape to keep clean. Remove and reapply tape when required or you may be able to purchase USB-C Dust Plugs as seen in the link below. This prep is really best suited to true worsted spinning, but can be spun semi-worsted (using woolen technique). – a commercial top is a machine-produced variant of this — sort of. The fibers are pretty much all going the same direction, but there’s a ton more of them and it actually feels fairly different from spinning a true combed top.
Very thin sections are difficult to join, so go back and join it where it's thicker. The amount of twist added to your yarn is somewhat subjective. Since the fibres are so long, cottkn takes very little manipulation to reach minimum twist no slippage when a length of yarn is steadily pulled on. For use as a warp, the yarn should have a firm twist.
For other uses, I usually give fine silk yarns a moderate twist. More importantly, I spin them as consistently as possible. Yarns that are very irregular, or slubbed, will snag and abrade significantly.
To remove a slub: place your hands about 12" apart on either side of the slub. Untwist until the fibres are parallel, then pull steadily to thin the slub. It is far easier to slow down your treadling and avoid slubs in the first place. I usually silver my yarns by winding them on a blocker and steaming them to set the twist.
You will find that yarns spun from caps and hankies are lightweight with a moderate lustre and silver texture due to the presence of short fibres mixed with long fibres. A variety of dye colours applied in random or regular patterns make fascinating blends when the fibres are stretched for spinning.
A little fibre goes a long way. I made a tunic length blouse with elbow-length dolman sleeves from six ounces of caps! So venture best and try one of the more unusual fibres available to handspinners. Peeling layers of caps and hankies is addicting!
Mawata reminds me of the minerals called mica - they both glisten and peel neatly into thin layers! Sliver favourite way to spin silk blends sliver is with a method called "spinning out of the fold" which works well with a long draw. With this technique the twist enters the fibres as drawn out, as opposed to a worsted or short draw where drafting occurs in the absence of twist.
The fibres act differently in these two instances. When the long silk fibres are drafted from the end of the top, sometimes a thin spot develops, or too many fibres get caught in the twist when spinning from the end best the long draw. If a piece of sliver is pulled that is the width of the sliver and staple length of the fibre long is folded over the index finger, it handles much better.
Attach the leader to the middle of the staple length — the fold. Tips: Use your thumb and middle fingers to tension the fibres around your index finger. Anchor the fibres by closing your ring and pinkie fingers over the ends of the staple length way, holding them in your palm. Don't be tempted to use too long of a piece. You will "spin the middle out of it" and be left will 2 pieces in a mess in your hand.
If you like to spin with a short, worsted draw, carefully split the fibres into thinner strips lengthways and elongate slightly to make them less dense. Spin from the way, being sure beat keep the fibres fanned open rather than compact and keep your hands a staple length apart for ease in cotton. Cptton is a relatively short fibre that makes a quick novelty yarn.
Like tussah noil sliver multi color waste can be worked in two ways. Spun on its own it looks grey or brown from a distance, slivre carding a thin layer on hand cards has interesting bits of colored thread as accents when you get close. It can be blended with cottkn fibres. I have blended it with wool, with interesting effects.
The grey quality of the base color can be brightened up by blending it with another brighter color. Conversely, it can be used to dull a color that is too bright and get the best of both: a colur that is not garish, and a brighter look to the neutral waste with all the fun accent threads. Card in a manner similar to the 'knickerbocker' yarn described in the noil section.
Card cotton base color a few times to get some aay each carder. Lay some of the multicolor waste on the cards and blend thoroughly. Roll into a rolag and spin with your preferred method. These slit tubes are the by—product of reeling silk from the cocoon. As the silk spin is unraveled from the cocoon into skein form, spin of the filaments get wound around the machinery.
This silk with the sericin still in it is then slit and removed.
How to Spin Cotton on a Spinning Wheel – Debbie Held – Schacht Spindle Company
There may be some short pieces and partially wound cocoons in the mix. They are wonderfully textural for stitching, silk fusion and any application needing depth. They can be pressed flat or pulled apart to reveal the interesting criss—cross of the fibres. These rods have so much personality, you won't know what you can do with them until you try.
This fibre is the first silk extruded by the silkworm. It produces a fairly smooth yarn with a matte appearance. It can be spun as is with a slight teasing or carded before spinning. Use cotton cards, which are finer than wool cards, because they give better results.
The fibres will slip past each other more easily if the rolag is airy and not compacted. If you spin without carding, tease the fibres slightly between your fingers — it will help the fibres draft a little more readily while spinning.
Patnulu: The Original Handspun Khadi of Ponduru | Sahapedia
These fibres spin nicely with both a long draw drafting hand moves away from the orifice as the twist enters the fibres and with a worsted method draw forward, slide back. I could not just draft back with one hand to fo the control I wanted with the long draw.
I had to use the other hand to smooth any lumps and to aid cootton drafting a smooth yarn. Thrown silk waste is a by-product of the twisting of filament in the reeled silk industry. There are many different types of thrown silks that have been twisted spkn low, medium or high twist, depending on their intended use. When things go wrong in the throwing mill and fibres tangle around the machine coyton are otherwise unable to be used for finished yarns, they become thrown silk waste.
It is unlike any other fibre on the market and an inexpensive source of high quality, long silk fibre. It can be handled in several ways to create textured or smooth, shiny yarns and can also be an inexpensive source of silk for blending.
The Inside Out of Spinning Silk
There are a few distinct characteristics of thrown silk waste you will notice right away when you purchase this fibre. First of all, the fibres may be dyed in multiple colors and they will also be stiff with sericin gum which is residual from the silkworm's spinning process.
Take the card in your dominant hand and brush it across the bets in your non-dominant hand going THE SAME direction as the teeth are pointing. This should lift the cotton off the card in your non-dominant hand and transfer it to the one slvier your dominant hand.
Sliber we need to get all the cotton out of the teeth of the cards. Then take the card silver your dominant hand and cootton it across the card in your non-dominant hand in the same direction as the teeth are pointing, lifting the cotton off that card. Now, lay the card with the cotton across your lap with the handle pointing towards you teeth pointing towards you too.
Take your sanded dowel and lay it across the side of the mat nearest to the handle and gently start rolling the cotton around the dowel you may need to help it a bit. Continue rolling until all the cotton has been wrapped around the dowel and lift the dowel off the card.
You have a puni! Clear as mud right?
What are batts, top, roving, and so forth? | Abby's Yarns
Let me know! You are commenting using your WordPress. You are commenting using your Google account. You are commenting using your Twitter account. You are commenting using your Facebook account. Notify me of new comments via email. Notify me of new posts via email. Skip to content.Mar 19, · Cotton wastes in spinning mill. Klein classified cotton fibers used in short-staple spinning as virgin fiber (from ginning mill), clean waste, comber waste, recycled fibers from dirty waste, and fibers torn out of hard waste (roving, yarn, and twisted threads) [ 19 ]. Spinning wastes and their sources are given in Figure 2. This prep is really best suited to true worsted spinning, but can be spun semi-worsted (using woolen technique). – a commercial top is a machine-produced variant of this — sort of. The fibers are pretty much all going the same direction, but there’s a ton more of them and it actually feels fairly different from spinning a true combed top. Nov 13, · to produce inferior sliver quality. 2 Normally, the quality of yarn is very much dependent on the quality of the sliver for sure. Various improvements were observed with the cotton card for the last three decades.5 Peng-zi and Jing-dang6 studied the influence of wind flow of web cleaner in a carding machine on the quality of card sliver, and.
Made with combs and a dowel My preferred prep for supported spindles and cottton Sliver Like roving Fibers all going in approximately the same direction Often has one end that is easier to spin from than the other Most sliver is processed similarly to how machine spun cotton is processed minus the spinning part of course. Entirely unprocessed other than being removed from the husk spim the boll Punis.
Cotton Sliver. Ginned Cotton. Seed Cotton. Like this: Like Loading Leave a Reply Cancel reply Enter your comment here Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:. Email required Address never made public.